The Army, with its significant use of technology on the battlefield, relies on batteries that are often ponderous and potentially dangerous.  Army operations require that batteries are placed in extreme thermal and mechanical conditions that can be detrimental to the batteries and potentially harmful to the Soldier.  While significant research is being conducted on improving the energy density of batteries to reduce weight, there has been little focus on batteries used in extreme environments.

Located at NIST's main campus in Gaithersburg, Maryland, the NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR) focuses it's research on providing neutron measurement capabilities to the U.S.

The Univeristy of Maryland is home to a number centers and laboratories suited to facilitate research in battery technology.  The University of Maryland Energy Research Center provides a wealth of research expertise and personell, as well as collaboration opportunities with its research members.  The Maryland NanoCenter includes 2 shared user facilities, with access to other shared user facilities around campus.